Keywords: correlation, multiple regression
This was a pilot study for the experiment described in Recovery of Patients from Stroke. The purpose of the study was to compare four evaluation tools for assessing the recovery of patients who had recently suffered a stroke. The four tools were (1) the Goteburg Assessment Form of Hemiplegia, (2) the Bobath Assessment Form, (3) the Barthel Index and (4) the Kenny Scoring System. The Goteburg Assessment was divided into seven components measuring motor function and balance, some sensation qualities, passive range of motion and occurrence of joint pain. The Bobath from evaluates three areas of motor performance, postural reactions, voluntary movement, and balance and automatic protective reactions. The Barthel index and the Kenny Scoring system evaluate ability to carry out activities of daily living such as dressing, feeding, toileting etc.
Twenty subjects were selected from two large public hospitals in Brisbane. All subjects had recently suffered a cerebrovascular accident resulting in hemiplegia lasting at least 24 hours, had not previously been incapacitated from stroke or other disease and were currently receiving occupational therapy.
|Subject||Subject ID (1-20)|
|Sex||Male (M) or female (F)|
|Side||Side of brain affected, left (L) or right (R)|
|Age||Age of subject in years|
|Lapse||Time since occurrence of stroke in weeks|
|Arms||Arm and shoulder motor function (max 36)|
|Legs||Lower limb motor function (max 30)|
|Hands||Wrist and hand motor function (max24)|
|Balance||Balance score (max 14)|
|Sensation||Sensation score (max 24)|
|JointPain||Freedom from joint pain (max 24)|
|JointMotion||Passive joint motion (max 24)|
|Bobath||Total of Bobath Assessment Form (max 266)|
|Barthel||Barthel Index (max 100)|
|Kenny||Kenny scoring system of dailing living (max 24)|
The researcher chose the Barthel Index and the first five components of the Goteburg Evaluation for use in the later experiment.
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Cropper, C. (1977). Occupational Therapy and the Treatment of Stroke. Honours Thesis T18, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Queensland, January 1977.